“Faldo Corp sells on terms that allow customers 45 days to pay for merchandise. Its sales last year were $435,000, and its year-end receivables were $60,000. If its DSO is less than the 45-day credit period, then customers are paying on time. Otherwise, they are paying late. By how much are customers paying early or late? Base your answer on this equation: DSO – Credit Period = Days early or late, and use a 365-day year when calculating the DSO. A positive answer indicates late payments, while a negative answer indicates early payments.

5.18

4.86

5.29

5.34

5.40

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2. Stewart Inc.’s latest EPS was $3.50, its book value per share was $22.75, it had 215,000 shares outstanding, and its debt ratio was 46%. How much debt was outstanding?

$3,393,738

$3,572,356

$3,760,375

$3,958,289

$4,166,620

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3. Last year Harrington Inc. had sales of $325,000 and a net income of $19,000, and its year-end assets were $250,000. The firm’s total-debt-to-total-assets ratio was 37.5%. Based on the DuPont equation, what was the ROE?

14.71%

12.16%

11.92%

11.43%

13.74%

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4. Last year Ann Arbor Corp had $160,000 of assets, $305,000 of sales, $20,000 of net income, and a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 37.5%. The new CFO believes a new computer program will enable it to reduce costs and thus raise net income to $33,000. Assets, sales, and the debt ratio would not be affected. By how much would the cost reduction improve the ROE?

13.00%

14.17%

11.31%

10.14%

15.73%

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5. What’s the present value of a 4-year ordinary annuity of $2,250 per year plus an additional $2,950 at the end of Year 4 if the interest rate is 5%?

$11,133.74

$8,740.50

$10,405.36

$8,532.40

$12,590.49

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6. Last year Kruse Corp had $275,000 of assets, $403,000 of sales, $28,250 of net income, and a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 39%. The new CFO believes the firm has excessive fixed assets and inventory that could be sold, enabling it to reduce its total assets to $252,500. Sales, costs, and net income would not be affected, and the firm would maintain the same debt ratio (but with less total debt). By how much would the reduction in assets improve the ROE?

1.50%

1.23%

1.85%

1.13%

1.19%

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7. Wie Corp’s sales last year were $365,000, and its year-end total assets were $355,000. The average firm in the industry has a total assets turnover ratio (TATO) of 2.4. The firm’s new CFO believes the firm has excess assets that can be sold so as to bring the TATO down to the industry average without affecting sales. By how much must the assets be reduced to bring the TATO to the industry average, holding sales constant?

$202,917

$221,179

$213,063

$160,304

$184,654

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8. Assume that you own an annuity that will pay you $15,000 per year for 12 years, with the first payment being made today. You need money today to start a new business, and your uncle offers to give you $80,000 for the annuity. If you sell it, what rate of return would your uncle earn on his investment?

23.15%

16.17%

20.96%

19.96%

22.16%

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9. Last year Tiemann Technologies reported $10,500 of sales, $6,250 of operating costs other than depreciation, and $1,300 of depreciation. The company had no amortization charges, it had $5,000 of bonds that carry a 6.5% interest rate, and its federal-plus-state income tax rate was 35%. This year’s data are expected to remain unchanged except for one item, depreciation, which is expected to increase by $750. By how much will net after-tax income change as a result of the change in depreciation? The company uses the same depreciation calculations for tax and stockholder reporting purposes.

-463.13

-487.50

-511.88

-537.47

-564.34

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10. Pace Corp.’s assets are $625,000, and its total debt outstanding is $185,000. The new CFO wants to employ a debt ratio of 55%. How much debt must the company add or subtract to achieve the target debt ratio?

$158,750

$166,688

$175,022

$183,773

$192,962

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11. Last year Hamdi Corp. had sales of $500,000, operating costs of $450,000, and year-end assets of $350,000. The debt-to-total-assets ratio was 17%, the interest rate on the debt was 7.5%, and the firm’s tax rate was 35%. The new CFO wants to see how the ROE would have been affected if the firm had used a 50% debt ratio. Assume that sales, operating costs, total assets, and the tax rate would not be affected, but the interest rate would rise to 8.0%. By how much would the ROE change in response to the change in the capital structure?

3.79%

3.69%

3.18%

3.53%

2.48%

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12. Chang Corp. has $375,000 of assets, and it uses only common equity capital (zero debt). Its sales for the last year were $520,000, and its net income was $25,000. Stockholders recently voted in a new management team that has promised to lower costs and get the return on equity up to 15.0%. What profit margin would the firm need in order to achieve the 15% ROE, holding everything else constant?

10.71%

9.41%

10.82%

8.11%

12.66%

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13. Last year Rennie Industries had sales of $240,000, assets of $175,000, a profit margin of 5.3%, and an equity multiplier of 1.2. The CFO believes that the company could reduce its assets by $51,000 without affecting either sales or costs. Had it reduced its assets by this amount, and had the debt ratio, sales, and costs remained constant, how much would the ROE have changed?

3.55%

3.19%

3.66%

3.01%

3.59%

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14. Last year Kruse Corp had $355,000 of assets, $403,000 of sales, $28,250 of net income, and a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 39%. The new CFO believes the firm has excessive fixed assets and inventory that could be sold, enabling it to reduce its total assets to $252,500. Sales, costs, and net income would not be affected, and the firm would maintain the same debt ratio (but with less total debt). By how much would the reduction in assets improve the ROE?

5.67%

5.30%

4.40%

4.18%

5.98%

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15. Last year Ann Arbor Corp had $300,000 of assets, $305,000 of sales, $20,000 of net income, and a debt-to-total-assets ratio of 37.5%. The new CFO believes a new computer program will enable it to reduce costs and thus raise net income to $33,000. Assets, sales, and the debt ratio would not be affected. By how much would the cost reduction improve the ROE?

5.34%

5.82%

6.59%

8.67%

6.93%

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16. Last year Hamdi Corp. had sales of $500,000, operating costs of $450,000, and year-end assets of $355,000. The debt-to-total-assets ratio was 17%, the interest rate on the debt was 7.5%, and the firm’s tax rate was 35%. The new CFO wants to see how the ROE would have been affected if the firm had used a 50% debt ratio. Assume that sales, operating costs, total assets, and the tax rate would not be affected, but the interest rate would rise to 8.0%. By how much would the ROE change in response to the change in the capital structure?

3.17%

3.42%

3.48%

3.08%

2.99%

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17. Edwards Electronics recently reported $11,250 of sales, $5,500 of operating costs other than depreciation, and $1,250 of depreciation. The company had no amortization charges, it had $3,500 of bonds that carry a 6.25% interest rate, and its federal-plus-state income tax rate was 35%. How much was its net cash flow?

$3,284.75

$3,457.63

$3,639.61

$3,831.17

$4,032.81

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18. What annual payment must you receive in order to earn a 6.5% rate of return on a perpetuity that has a cost of $2,500?

$162.50

$164.13

$123.50

$185.25

$128.38

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19. Your father paid $10,000 (CF at t = 0) for an investment that promises to pay $750 at the end of each of the next 5 years, then an additional lump sum payment of $13,500 at the end of the 5th year. What is the expected rate of return on this investment?

12.91%

10.46%

11.49%

15.23%

12.39%

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20. You have a chance to buy an annuity that pays $2,350 at the beginning of each year for 3 years. You could earn 5.5% on your money in other investments with equal risk. What is the most you should pay for the annuity?

$6,688.85

$7,090.18

$7,825.96

$6,822.63

$6,956.41